›› Physical and chemical properties of Magnesium

Atomic Number:12
Element Symbol:Mg
Element Name:Magnesium
Atomic Weight:24.3050
Group Number:2
Group Name:Alkaline earth metal
Period Number:3
Ground State Configuration:[Ne] 3s2
Ground State Level:1S0
Standard State:Solid
Common Valences:0,2
Bond Length:319.7
Atomic Radius Empirical:150
Atomic Radius Calculated:145
Covalent Radius Empirical:130
Vander Waals Radius:173
First Ionization Energy:737.7
Pauling Electronegativity:1.31
Sanderson Electronegativity:1.32
Allred Rochow Electronegativity:1.23
Mulliken Jaffe Electronegativity:1.37
Allen Electronegativity:1.293
Density Of Solid:1738
Molar Volume:14.00
Velocity Of Sound:4602
Youngs Modulus:45
Rigidity Modulus:17
Bulk Modulus:45
Poissons Ratio:0.29
Mineral Hardness:2.5
Brinell Hardness:260
Electrical Resistivity:4.4
Melting Point:650
Boiling Point:1090
Thermal Conductivity:160
Coefficient Of Linear Expansion:8.2
Enthalpy Of Fusion:8.7
Enthalpy Of Vaporization:128
Enthalpy Of Atmization:146
Most Common Oxidation Numbers:2
Color:Silvery white
Discovered By:Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovered At:England
Discovered When:1755
Origin Of Name:From the Greek word Magnesia, a district of Thessaly

Calculate the molecular weight of Magnesium or molecular weight Mg.

Also see the full list of chemical elements and atomic weights.

››Compounds that contain Magnesium

Magnesium Carbonate  MgCO3
Magnesium Chloride  MgCl2
Magnesium Oxide  MgO
Magnesium Phosphate  Mg3(PO4)2
Magnesium Sulfate  MgSO4
Magnesium Nitride  Mg3N2
Magnesium Sulfide  MgS
Magnesium Hydroxide  Mg(OH)2
Magnesium Nitrate  Mg(NO3)2
Magnesium Bromide  MgBr2
Magnesium Bromide Hexahydrate  MgBr2.6H2O
Magnesium Succinate  Mg(C2H2O2)2
Magnesium Glycerophosphate  MgC3H9O6P
Magnesium Stearate  Mg(C18H35O2)2
Magnesium Perchlorate  Mg(ClO4)2
Magnesium Fluoride  MgF2
Magnesium Hydride  MgH2
Magnesium Iodide  MgI2
Magnesium Peroxide  MgO2
Magnesium Selenide  MgSe
Magnesium Silicite  MgSiO3
Magnesium Technetate  Mg(TcO4)2
Magnesium Telluride  MgTe
Magnesium Titanate  MgTiO3
Magnesium Silicide  Mg2Si
Magnesium Arsenate  Mg3(AsO4)2
Magnesium Cyanide  Mg(CN)2