Type |
Name |
Symbol |

length | metre | m |

mass | kilogram | kg |

time | second | s |

electric current | ampere | A |

temperature | kelvin | K |

amount of substance | mole | mol |

luminous intensity | candela | cd |

Type |
Name |
Symbol |

acceleration | meter/square second | m/s^{2} |

angle | radian | rad |

area | square meter | m^{2} |

capacitance | farad | F |

density | kilogram/cubic meter | kg/m^{3} |

dynamic viscosity | pascal second | Pa-s |

electric charge | coulomb | C |

electric conductance | siemens | S |

electric resistance | ohm | Ω |

energy | joule | J |

force | newton | N |

frequency | hertz | Hz |

inductance | henry | H |

mass flow rate | kilogram/second | kg/s |

mole flow rate | mole/second | mol/s |

power | watt | W |

pressure | pascal | Pa |

speed | meter/second | m/s |

surface tension | newton/meter | N/m |

torque | newton meter | N-m |

voltage | volt | V |

volume | cubic meter | m^{3} |

volume flow rate | cubic meter/second | m^{3}/s |

amount-of-substance concentration | mole/cubic meter | mol/m^{3} |

Type |
Name |
Symbol |

computer data storage | byte | B |

computer data rate | bit/second | bit/s |

U.S. currency | dollar | $ |

Factor |
Prefix |
Symbol | |

10^{24} |
1E24 | yotta | Y |

10^{21} |
1E21 | zetta | Z |

10^{18} |
1E18 | exa | E |

10^{15} |
1E15 | peta | P |

10^{12} |
1E12 | tera | T |

10^{9} |
1E9 | giga | G |

10^{6} |
1E6 | mega | M |

10^{3} |
1E3 | kilo | k |

10^{2} |
1E2 | hecto | h |

10^{1} |
1E1 | deca | da |

10^{1} |
1E1 | deka | da |

10^{-1} |
1E-1 | deci | d |

10^{-2} |
1E-2 | centi | c |

10^{-3} |
1E-3 | milli | m |

10^{-6} |
1E-6 | micro | µ |

10^{-9} |
1E-9 | nano | n |

10^{-12} |
1E-12 | pico | p |

10^{-15} |
1E-15 | femto | f |

10^{-18} |
1E-18 | atto | a |

10^{-21} |
1E-21 | zepto | z |

10^{-24} |
1E-24 | yocto | y |

The International System of Units (abbreviated SI) is the modern form of the metric system. It is the world's most widely used system of units, both in everyday commerce and in science.

The older metric system included several groupings of units. The SI was developed in 1960 from the metre-kilogram-second (mks) system, rather than the centimetre-gram-second (cgs) system which, in turn, had many variants.

The SI introduced several newly named units. The SI is not static; it is a living set of standards where units are created and definitions are modified with international agreement as measurement technology progresses.

With few exceptions, the system is used in every country in the world, and many countries do not maintain official definitions of other units. In the United States, industrial use of SI is increasing, but popular use is still limited. In the United Kingdom, conversion to metric units is official policy but not yet complete. Those countries that still recognize non-SI units (e.g. the U.S. and UK) have redefined their traditional non-SI units in terms of SI units.