›› Physical and chemical properties of Lithium

Atomic Number:3
Element Symbol:Li
Element Name:Lithium
Atomic Weight:6.941
Group Number:1
Group Name:Alkali metal
Period Number:2
Block:s-block
Ground State Configuration:1s2 2s
Ground State Level:2S1/2
Standard State:Solid
Common Valences:0,1
Bond Length:303.9
Atomic Radius Empirical:145
Atomic Radius Calculated:167
Covalent Radius Empirical:134
Vander Waals Radius:182
Electron Affinity:59.6
First Ionization Energy:520.2
Pauling Electronegativity:0.98
Sanderson Electronegativity:0.89
Allred Rochow Electronegativity:0.97
Mulliken Jaffe Electronegativity:0.97
Allen Electronegativity:0.912
Density Of Solid:535
Molar Volume:13.02
Velocity Of Sound:6000
Youngs Modulus:4.9
Rigidity Modulus:4.2
Bulk Modulus:11
Mineral Hardness:0.6
Electrical Resistivity:9.4
Melting Point:180.54
Boiling Point:1342
Critical Temperature:2950
Thermal Conductivity:85
Coefficient Of Linear Expansion:46
Enthalpy Of Fusion:3.0
Enthalpy Of Vaporization:147
Enthalpy Of Atmization:159
Most Common Oxidation Numbers:1
Color:Silvery white/grey
Classification:Metallic
Discovered By:Johan August Arfvedson
Discovered At:Stockholm, Sweden
Discovered When:1817
Origin Of Name:From the Greek word lithos meaning stone, apparently because it was discovered from a mineral source whereas the other two common Group 1 elements, sodium and potassium, were discovered from plant sources.

Calculate the molecular weight of Lithium or molecular weight Li.

Also see the full list of chemical elements and atomic weights.


››Compounds that contain Lithium

N-Butyllithium  C4H9Li
Lithium Aluminium Hydride  LiAlH4
Lithium Bromide  LiBr
Lithium Chloride  LiCl
Lithium Hydride  LiH
Lithium Hydroxide  LiOH
Lithium Iodide  LiI
Lithium Nitrate  LiNO3
Lithium Sulfate  Li2SO4
Lithium Aluminate  LiAlO2
Lithium Tetrafluoroborate  LiBF4
Lithium Borohydride  LiBH4
Lithium Metaborate  LiBO2
Lithium Methoxide  LiCH3O
Lithium Benzoate  LiC7H5O2
Lithium Chloride Monohydrate  LiCl.H2O
Lithium Perchlorate  LiClO4
Lithium Fluoride  LiF
Lithium Iodide Trihydrate  LiI.3H2O
Lithium Diisopropylamide  LiN(C3H7)2
Lithium Amide  LiNH2
Lithium Azide  LiN3
Lithium Niobate  LiNbO3
Lithium Superoxide  LiO2
Lithium Hexafluorophosphate  LiPF6
Lithium Dihydrogenphosphate  LiPH2O4
Lithium Perrhenate  LiReO4
Lithium Tantalate  LiTaO3
Lithium Metavanadate  LiVO3
Lithium Borate  Li2B4O7
Lithium Carbonate  Li2CO3
Lithium Molybdate  Li2MoO4
Lithium Oxide  Li2O
Lithium Peroxide  Li2O2
Lithium Sulfide  Li2S
Lithium Selenide  Li2Se
Lithium Metasilicate  Li2SiO3
Lithium Telluride  Li2Te
Lithium Titanate  Li2TiO3
Lithium Zirconate  Li2ZrO3
Lithium Hexafluoroaluminate  Li3AlF6
Lithium Arsenate  Li3AsO4
Lithium Citrate  Li3C6H5O7
Lithium Nitride  Li3N
Lithium Phosphate  Li3PO4
Lithium Antimonide  Li3Sb
Lithium Acetate  LiCH3COO
Lithium Phosphide  Li3P