›› Physical and chemical properties of Carbon

Atomic Number:6
Element Symbol:C
Element Name:Carbon
Atomic Weight:12.0107
Group Number:14
Group Name:none
Period Number:2
Block:p-block
Ground State Configuration:1s2 2s2 2p2
Ground State Level:3P0
Standard State:Solid
Common Valences:4
Bond Length:142.6 (graphite)
Atomic Radius Empirical:70
Atomic Radius Calculated:67
Covalent Radius Empirical:77
Vander Waals Radius:170
Electron Affinity:153.9
First Ionization Energy:1086.5
Pauling Electronegativity:2.55
Sanderson Electronegativity:2.75
Allred Rochow Electronegativity:2.50
Mulliken Jaffe Electronegativity:2.48
Allen Electronegativity:2.544
Density Of Solid:2267
Molar Volume:5.29
Velocity Of Sound:18350
Bulk Modulus:33
Mineral Hardness:0.5 (graphite; diamond is 10.0)
Electrical Resistivity:about 1000 - direction dependent
Reflectivity:27
Refractive Index:2.417 (diamond)
Melting Point:3527
Boiling Point:4027
Thermal Conductivity:140
Coefficient Of Linear Expansion:7.1
Enthalpy Of Vaporization:715 (sublimation)
Enthalpy Of Atmization:717
Most Common Oxidation Numbers:4,-4
Color:Graphite is black, diamond is colourless
Classification:Non-metallic
Discovered By:Known since ancient times although not recognised as an element until much later.
Discovered At:not known
Origin Of Name:From the Latin word carbo meaning charcoal

Calculate the molecular weight of Carbon or molecular weight C.

Also see the full list of chemical elements and atomic weights.


››Compounds that contain Carbon

Abietic Acid  C20H30O2
Acenaphthene  C12H10
Acenaphthoquinone  C12H6O2
Acenaphthylene  C12H8
Acetaldehyde  CH3CHO
Acetanilide  C6H5NH(COCH3)
Acetic Acid  CH3COOH
Acetone  (CH3)2CO
Acetonitrile  CH3CN
Acetophenone  C6H5C(O)CH3
Benzaldehyde  C6H5CHO
Benzene  C6H6
Benzoic Acid  C6H5COOH
Benzyl Alcohol  C6H5CH2OH
Bromobenzene  C6H5Br
Bromomethane  CH3Br
Butanal  CH3(CH2)2CHO
Butane  C4H10
2-Butanol  CH3CH(OH)CH2CH3
Carbon Dioxide  CO2
Carbonic Acid  H2CO3
Chloral Hydrate  C2H3Cl3O2
Chloroethene  C2H3Cl
Chloroform  CHCl3
Citric Acid  C6H8O7
Cyclohexane  C6H12
Diethyl Ether  (C2H5)2O
Ethane  C2H6
Ethanol  CH3CH2OH
Ethene  C2H4
Ethidium Bromide  C21H20BrN3
Ethyl Acetate  CH3COOCH2CH3
Ethylamine  CH3CH2NH2
Ethylbenzene  C6H5CH2CH3
Ethylene  C2H4
Ethylene Glycol  HOCH2CH2OH
Formaldehyde  CH2O
Glucose  C6H12O6
Glycerol  C3H8O3
Glycine  NH2CH2COOH
Heptane  H3C(CH2)5CH3
Hexane  C6H14
Histidine  C6H9N3O2
Isoborneol  C10H18O
Lactic Acid  CH3CH(OH)COOH
Lactose  C12H22O11
Lysine  HO2CCH(NH2)(CH2)4NH2
Maleic Anhydride  C2H2(CO)2O
Methane  CH4
Methanol  CH3OH
Methyl Acetate  CH3COOCH3
2-Methylpropene  C4H8
Naphthalene  C10H8
Octane  C8H18
Pentane  C5H12
Phenacetin  CH3CONHC6H4OC2H5
Propane  C3H8
Propionic Acid  CH3CH2COOH
Styrene  C8H8
Sucrose  C12H22O11
Toluene  C6H5CH3
Valine  C5H11NO2
Ammonium Acetate  CH3COONH4
Ammonium Bicarbonate  NH4(C(=O)OHO)
Barium Carbonate  BaCO3
Baking Soda  NaHCO3
Boron Carbide  B4C
N-Butyllithium  C4H9Li
Cacodylic Acid  (CH3)2AsO2H
Caesium Bicarbonate  CsHCO3
Caesium Carbonate  Cs2CO3
Calcium Carbide  CaC2
Calcium Cyanamide  CaCN2
Carbon Disulfide  CS2
Carbon Monoxide  CO
Carbon Tetrabromide  CBr4
Carbon Tetrachloride  CCl4
Carbon Tetraiodide  CI4
Carbonyl Fluoride  COF2
Carbonyl Sulfide  COS
Carboplatin  C6H12N2O4Pt
Cyanogen  (CN)2
Cyanogen Chloride  CNCl
Cyanuric Chloride  C3Cl3N3
Dimethylmercury  CH3HgCH3
Magnesium Carbonate  MgCO3
Mercury Fulminate  Hg(CNO)2
Molybdenum Hexacarbonyl  Mo(CO)6
Nickelocene  Ni(C5H5)2
Phosgene  COCl2
Potassium Carbonate  K2CO3
Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate  KHCO3
Sodium Acetate  CH3COONa
Sodium Carbonate  Na2CO3
Sodium Cyanide  NaCN
Tantalum Carbide  TaC
Tetraethyl Lead  (CH3CH2)4Pb
Titanium Carbide  TiC
Titanocene Dichloride  (C5H5)2TiCl2
Trinitrotoluene  C6H2(NO2)3CH3
Trinitroglycerine  C3H5(NO3)3
Tungsten Carbide  WC
Tungsten Hexacarbonyl  W(CO)6
Vanadium Carbide  VC
Vanadocene Dichloride  C10H10Cl2V
Zinc Carbonate  ZnCO3
Zinc Cyanide  Zn(CN)2
Zirconium Carbide  ZrC
Acetaminophen  C8H9NO2
Acetylene  C2H2
Acridine  C13H9N
Acrylamide  C3H5NO
Anthracene  (C6H4CH)2
Cadaverine  NH2(CH2)5NH2
Cinnoline  C8H6N2
Cyclopentadiene  C5H6
Cytosine  C4H5N3O
Epinephrine  C9H13NO3
Formic Acid  HCOOH
Hexamine  (CH2)6N4
Isopropanol  (CH3)2CHOH
Methylene Blue  C16H18N3SCl
N-Methylpyrrolidone  C5H9NO
Mustard Gas  C4H8Cl2S
Nitroglycerine  C3H5(NO3)3
Oxalyl Chloride  (COCl)2
Phenol  C6H5OH
Phenylthiocarbamide  C7H8N2S
Potassium Clavulanate  C8H8KNO5
Putrescine  NH2(CH2)4NH2
Pyridine  C5H5N
Tetryl  C7H5N5O8
Tyrosine  C9H11NO3
Urea  CO(NH2)2
Uric Acid  C5H4N4O3
Yohimbine Hydrochloride  C21H26N2O3.HCl
Ammonium Carbonate  (NH4)2CO3
Salicylic Acid  C6H4(OH)CO2H
Cyclohexanol  (CH2)5CHOH
Calcium Carbonate  CaCO3
Sucralose  C12H19Cl3O8
Fluorene  C13H10
Benzil  (C6H5CO)2
Alanine  CH3CH(NH2)COOH
Hexadecane  C16H34
Carbon Tetrafluoride  CF4
Silver Carbonate  Ag2CO3
Arginine  C6H14N4O2
Nitroglycerin  C3H5(NO3)3
Zinc Acetate  Zn(O2CCH3)2(H2O)2
Aniline  C6H5NH2
Sodium Bicarbonate  NaHCO3
Butanol  C4H9OH
Potassium Bicarbonate  KHCO3
Calcium Acetate  Ca(C2H3O2)2
Propylene  C3H6
Caffeine  C8H10N4O2
Aspirin  C9H8O4
Methylene Chloride  CH2Cl2
Dichloromethane  CH2Cl2
Acetic Anhydride  (CH3CO)2O
Dextromethorphan  C18H25NO
Maltose  C12H22O11
Ibuprofen  C13H18O2
Isoprene  C5H8
Isopropyl Alcohol  C3H8O
Propionaldehyde  CH3CH2CHO
Allicin  C6H10OS2
Vanillin  C8H8O3
Ferrocene  Fe(C5H5)2
Benzoin  PhCH(OH)C(O)Ph
Butyric Acid  CH3CH2CH2 COOH
Hexanoic Acid  C5H11COOH
Caproic Acid  C5H11COOH
Sulfanilic acid  C6H7NO3S
Methyl isocyanate  C2H3NO
Ascorbic Acid  C6H8O6
Triphenylphosphine  P(C6H5)3
Propanol  CH3CH2CH2OH
Silver Cyanide  AgCN
Silver Acetate  AgC2H3O2
Silver Fulminate  AgONC
Silver Thiocyanate  AgSNC
Silver Acetylide  Ag2C2
Silver Oxalate  Ag2C2O4
Gold(I) Cyanide  AuCN
Barium Formate  Ba(CHO2)2
Barium Cyanide  Ba(CN)2
Barium Carbide  BaC2
Barium Acetate  Ba(C2H3O2)2
Barium Oxalate  BaC2O4
Barium Tartrate  BaC4H4O6
Barium Stearate  Ba(C18H35O2)2
Barium Thiocyanate  Ba(SCN)2
Beryllium Formate  Be(CHO2)2
Beryllium Acetate  Be4O(O2CCH3)6
Beryllium Acetylacetonate  Be(C5H7O2)2
Beryllium Carbide  Be2C
Bismuth(III) Citrate  BiC6H5O7
Bismuth(III) Subcarbonate  (BiO)2CO3
Bismuth(III) Oxalate  Bi2(C2O4)3
Calcium Formate  Ca(HCOO)2
Calcium Cyanide  Ca(CN)2
Calcium Fumarate  Ca(C2H2(COO)2)
Calcium Oxalate  CaC2O4
Calcium Propionate  Ca(C2H5COO)2
Calcium Citrate  Ca3(C6H5O7)2
Cadmium Cyanide  Cd(CN)2
Cadmium Carbonate  CdCO3
Cadmium Acetate  Cd(CH3CO2)2
Cadmium Oxalate  CdC2O4
Cerium(III) Oxalate  Ce2(C2O4)3
Cobalt(II) Cyanide  Co(CN)2
Cobalt(II) Acetate  Co(C2H3O2)2
Cobalt(II) Oxalate  CoC2O4
Cobalt(II) Naphthenate  Co(C11H10O2)2
Cobalt(III) Acetylacetonate  CoC15H21O6
Cobalt(II) Ferricyanide  Co3(Fe(CN)6)2
Chromium(III) Picolinate  Cr(C6H4NO2)3
Chromium(VI) Carbonyl  Cr(CO)6
Chromium(II) Carbide  Cr3C2
Cesium Cyanide  CsCN
Cesium Acetate  CH3CO2Cs
Cesium Oxalate  Cs2C2O4
Copper(II) Formate  Cu(CHO2)2
Copper(I) Cyanide  CuCN
Copper(II) Cyanide  Cu(CN)2
Copper(II) Acetylide  CuC2
Copper(I) Acetate  CuC2H3O2
Copper(II) Acetate  Cu(CH3CO2)2
Copper(II) Oxalate  CuC2O4
Copper(II) Stearate  Cu(C16H35O2)2
Copper(II) Oleate  Cu(C18H33O2)2
Copper(I) Thiocyanate  CuSCN
Copper(I) Acetylide  Cu2C2
Copper(II) Ferrocyanide  Cu2Fe(CN)6
Iron(II) Carbonate  FeCO3
Iron(II) Acetate  Fe(C2H3O2)2
Iron(III) Oxalate  Fe2(C2O4)3
Iron(III) Ferrocyanide  Fe4(Fe(CN)6)3
Germanium(IV) Methoxide  Ge(CH3O)4
Hafnium Carbide  HfC
Mercury(II) Acetate  Hg(C2H3O2)2
Mercury(II) Thiocyanate  Hg(SCN)2
Indium(III) Acetate  In(C2H3O2)3
Potassium Trifluoromethanesulfonate  KCHF3O3S
Potassium Formate  KCHO2
Potassium Methoxide  KCH3O
Potassium Cyanide  KCN
Potassium Cyanate  KCNO
Potassium Binoxalate  KC2HO4
Potassium Acetate  CH3CO2K
Potassium Ethoxide  KC2H5O
Potassium Propionate  K(C2H5COO)
Potassium Xanthogenate  KC3H5S2O
Potassium Dimethyldithiocarbamate  KC3H7NS2
Potassium Bitartrate  KC4H5O6
Potassium Benzoate  KC7H5O2
Potassium Thiocyanate  KSCN
Potassium Tartrate  K2C4H4O6
Potassium Adipate  K2C6H8O4
Potassium Ferricyanide  K3(Fe(CN)6)
Lanthanum Carbide  LaC2
Lithium Methoxide  LiCH3O
Lithium Benzoate  LiC7H5O2
Lithium Diisopropylamide  LiN(C3H7)2
Lithium Carbonate  Li2CO3
Lithium Citrate  Li3C6H5O7
Magnesium Succinate  Mg(C2H2O2)2
Magnesium Glycerophosphate  MgC3H9O6P
Magnesium Stearate  Mg(C18H35O2)2
Manganese(II) Acetate  Mn(CH3COO)2
Manganese(II) Carbonate  MnCO3
Molydenum(III) Hexacarbonyl  Mo(CO)6
Sodium Tetraphenylborate  NaB(C6H5)4
Sodium Cyanoborohydride  NaBH3CN
Sodium Cyanate  NaCNO
Sodium Formate  NaCHO2
Sodium Methoxide  NaCH3O
Sodium Formaldehydesulfoxylate  NaCH3SO3
Sodium Monofluoroacetate  NaFCH2CO2
Sodium Ethenesulfonate  NaC2H3SO3
Sodium Ethoxide  NaC2H5O
Sodium Acrylate  NaC3H3O2
Sodium Propionate  NaC3H5O2
Sodium Lactate  NaC3H5O3
Sodium Hydromethylglycinate  NaC3H6NO3
Sodium Diacetate  NaH(C2H3O2)2
Sodium Benzosulfonate  NaC6H6SO3
Sodium Benzoate  NaC6H5CO2
Sodium Tosylate  NaC7H7SO3
Sodium Phenylacetate  NaC8H7O2
Sodium Xylenesulfonate  NaC8H9SO3
Sodium Caprylate  NaC8H15O2
Sodium Stearate  NaC18H35O2
Sodium Thiocyanate  NaSCN
Sodium Malonate  Na2C3H2O4
Sodium Tartrate  Na2C4H4O6
Sodium Adipate  Na2C6H8O4
Sodium Ferrocyanide  Na4Fe(CN)6
Niobium(IV) Carbide  NbC
Nickel(II) Cyanide  Ni(CN)2
Nickel(II) Carbonate  NiCO3
Nickel(II) Carbonyl  Ni(CO)4
Nickel(II) Acetate  Ni(C2H3O2)2
Osmium(II) Cyclopentadienide  Os(C5H5)2
Lead(II) Formate  Pb(CHO2)2
Lead(II) Cyanide  Pb(CN)2
Lead(II) Carbonate  PbCO3
Lead(II) Acetate  Pb(C2H3O2)2
Lead(II) Oxalate  PbC2O4
Lead(II) Lactate  Pb(C3H5O2)2
Lead(II) Butanoate  Pb(C4H7O2)2
Lead(II) Oleate  Pb(C18H33O2)2
Lead(II) Stearate  Pb(C18H35O2)2
Lead(II) Thiocyanate  Pb(SCN)2
Palladium(II) Cyanide  Pd(CN)2
Palladium(II) Trifluoroacetate  Pd(C2F3O2)2
Palladium(II) Acetate  Pd(C2H3O2)2
Platinum(II) Cyanide  Pt(CN)2
Radium Carbonate  RaCO3
Rubidium Acetate  RbC2H3O2
Rubidium Acetylacetonate  RbC5H7O2
Ruthenium(III) Acetylacetonate  Ru(C5H7O2)3
Scandium(III) Trifluoromethanesulfonate  Sc(CF3SO3)3
Silicon Carbide  SiC
Tin(II) Oxalate  SnC2O4
Strontium Acetate  Sr(C2H3O2)2
Strontium Carbonate  SrCO3
Strontium Thiocyanate  SrSCN
Thorium(IV) Carbide  ThC
Thorium(II) Carbonate  Th(CO3)2
Titanium(IV) Ethoxide  TiC8H20O4
Thallium(I) Formate  TlCHO2
Thallium(I) Cyanide  TlCN
Thallium(I) Acetate  TlC2H3O2
Thallium(I) Ethoxide  TlC2H5O
Thallium(I) Carbonate  Tl2CO3
Thallium(I) Oxalate  Tl2C2O4
Uranium(IV) Carbide  UC
Uranium(VI) Carbide  UC2
Yttrium(II) Carbide  YC2
Yttrium(III) Trifluoromethanesulfonate  Y(CF3SO3)3
Zinc Oxalate  ZnC2O4
Zinc Glyercophosphate  ZnC3H7O6P
Zinc Fumarate  ZnC4H2O4
Zinc Succinate  ZnC4H4O4
Zinc Propionate  ZnC6H10O4
Zinc Lactate  ZnC6H10O6
Zinc Dimethyldithiocarbonate  ZnC6H12N2S4
Zinc Caprylate  Zn(C8H15O2)2
Zinc Dimethyldithiocarbamate  ZnC10H20N2S4
Zinc Stearate  Zn(C18H35O2)2
Zinc Thiocyanate  Zn(SCN)2
Zinc Ferrocyanide  Zn2Fe(CN)6
Aluminium Monostearate  Al(OH)2C18H35O2
Cobalt(II) Carbonate  CoCO3
Copper(II) Carbonate  CuCO3
Sodium Percarbonate  2Na2CO3.3H2O2
Veratraldehyde  C9H10O3
Aspartame  C14H18N2O5
Glutamine  C5H10N2O3
Aspartic Acid  HOOCCH(NH2)CH2COOH
Glutamic Acid  C5H9NO4
Cholesterol  C27H46O
Methyl Alcohol  CH3OH
Cyanocobalamin  C63H88CoN14O14P
P-Bromoaniline  BrC6H4NH2
Terephthalic Acid  C6H4(COOH)2
Mercury(II) Cyanate  HgC2N2O2
Cyclopentanol  C5H10O
Cyclopentanone  C5H8O
Fructose  C6H12O6
Methanoic Acid  HCOOH
Lithium Acetate  LiCH3COO
Morphine  C17H19NO3
Galactose  C6H12O6
Magnesium Cyanide  Mg(CN)2
Bismuth(lll) Formate  Bi(CHO2)3
Leucine  HO2CCH(NH2)CH2CH(CH3)2
Isoleucine  HO2CCH(NH2)CH(CH3)CH2CH3